Neighborhood History and Book
To do justice to this wonderful neighborhood we have published a book that highlights the neighborhood’s history, architecture, and the unique people who have lived here over the years. We regret that the Cadwalader Heights book is out of stock at this time.
Another neighbor, a professor at Rider University, has explored the philosophy underlying Frederick Law Olmsted's design style - Elegance and Grass Roots: The Neglected Philosophy of Frederick Law Olmsted.
A Brief History of Cadwalader Heights
Around 1738, Dr. Thomas Cadwalader, a prominent and wealthy Philadelphia physician, moved to Trenton and was elected as the city’s first mayor in 1746. Cadwalader moved back to Philadelphia in 1750, but while in Trenton he and his wife Hannah had a son, Lambert Cadwalader.
Lambert Cadwalader, a Lieutenant Colonel in the Continental Army, was taken as a prisoner of war during the November 1776 Battle of Fort Washington in upper Manhattan. After General George Washington personally arranged for his release, Cadwalader removed to his Trenton estate, which he had purchased in February 1776. Cadwalader’s 240-acre estate included the homestead that he named “Greenwood."
Cadwalader was a New Jersey delegate to the Continental Congress (1784-87) and served two terms in the House of Representatives (1789-91; 1793-95) when the nation’s capital was in Philadelphia. After Cadwalader’s death 1823, his son, Thomas Cadwalader, inherited the estate.
Thomas Cadwalader was a lifetime military man, who lived both at Greenwood and the family townhouse in Philadelphia. After his passing in 1873, his lawyer sons, John L. Cadwalader of New York City and Richard M. Cadwalader of Philadelphia, inherited and managed the family estate. Recognizing Trenton’s westward expansion and imminent residential development, the Cadwaladers engaged the services of Edmund C. Hill to market and develop their property.
Other prominent residents included local builders Howard Heath (Heath Lumber) and John G. Connor (Connor Millwork), as well as William Wetzel, Principal of Trenton High School, and the candy maker William Allfather. Respected architects who designed many neighborhood homes included J. Osborne Hunt, Willam Endebrock, J. Phelps Pette, and William Klemann, who also built a house for himself here.
By 1932 the Cadwalader Heights neighborhood of approximately 75 homes had achieved its present form. Today, this well-preserved neighborhood, with its rich variety of architectural styles and tree-lined streets, evokes the grandeur of the city’s illustrious past.